'I get scared, but I'm staying': poignant words of murdered Mogadishu florist

Mohamed Mahamoud Sheik, who opened Somalia’s first flower shop, was killed on 2 August. In this previously unpublished interview, he talks about life in war-torn Mogadishu

Dozens of young people wearing white headbands took to the streets of Mogadishu this month. They walked through the city demanding justice for the young entrepreneur Mohamed Mahamoud Sheik.

Sheik, a businessman known for bringing flowers to Somalia, was shot and killed on 2 August. Sheik had opened Mogadishu’s first florist, and launched Somalia’s first laundry and dry cleaner’s since the state’s implosion in 1991.

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Disempower far-right climate-change deniers. Don’t debate with them | Molly Scott Cato

A Ukip MEP has written a shamefully ignorant climate change report for the EU – it should never have happened

After a long, hot summer beset by record temperatures, drought and deadly fires, imagine my shock, on returning to the European parliament, to be confronted with a report that denies the reality of climate change. Given it could influence the allocation of the next round of environment funding under the EU’s Life programme, it is deeply disturbing to see such a report, based on wholly discredited science, wending its way down the corridors of Brussels.

Some of the claims made by the report’s author, the Ukip MEP Stuart Agnew, are, frankly, pretty hair-raising. For instance, he claims that the effect of CO2 levels on our climate is “negligible”, and that it is “one of agriculture’s greatest friends”. Agnew claims there is a lack of concentration of CO2 and as a result there is no problem for the EU to solve.

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Peruvian villagers face murder and intimidation from land traffickers

Invaders continue to seize land within the Chaparrí ecological reserve, one of Peru’s most biodiverse forests

Shortly after sunset, along an isolated stretch of highway leading out of a dusty hamlet in northern Peru, a band of five weary farmers clad in reflective neon vests and armed with traditional whips made of bull penises set out on a solemn march.

The Ronderos – self-governing peasant patrols – are resuming their nightly rounds five months after the brutal killing of their lieutenant governor, Napoléon Tarrillo Astonitas.

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Mauritius takes UK to court over Chagos Islands sovereignty

International court to hear testimony from 22 countries over Indian Ocean archipelago

The UK’s possession of a remote archipelago in the Indian Ocean that includes the strategic US airbase of Diego Garcia is being challenged at the international court of justice.

Despite British attempts at the United Nations to prevent Mauritius’s claim to the Chagos Islands reaching The Hague, judges will spend four days from Monday hearing representatives from 22 countries arguing over colonial history and the rights of exiled islanders to return.

The overwhelming majority of states intervening in the dispute oppose Britain’s assertion that it has sovereignty over what it calls British Indian Ocean Territory, or BIOT. Only the US, Australia and Israel are expected to support the UK.

Judgment from the UN-backed court, which specialises in territorial and border disputes between countries, will be advisory, rather than legally binding. Nonetheless, it is likely to be interpreted as a sign of the UK’s international influence.

The row between Mauritius and the UK has become increasingly acrimonious. The ICJ hearing follows a humiliating defeat in the UN general assembly last year when 94 countries supported a Mauritian-backed resolution to seek an opinion from the ICJ on the legal status of the Chagos Islands. Only 15 countries were opposed.

The court will consider two key questions: the first is whether the decolonisation of Mauritius was completed lawfully when it was granted independence in 1968 following its separation from the Chagos archipelago; the second concerns the ability of Mauritius to resettle its nationals, who were originally deported from the archipelago, back on the islands.

Three years before Mauritius was granted independence, the UK decided to separate the Chagos Islands from the rest of its Indian Ocean colony. The Mauritian government claims this was in breach of UN resolution 1514, passed in 1960, which specifically banned the breakup of colonies before independence.

Most of the 1,500 islanders were deported so that the largest island, Diego Garcia, could be leased to the US for a strategic airbase in 1971. The islanders have never been allowed to return home.

The UK has promised to return the Chagos Islands to Mauritius when they are no longer needed for defence purposes, but refuses to give a date.

The UK’s international position has become increasingly isolated. In a second defeat at the UN last November, Britain failed to secure the re-election of Sir Christopher Greenwood to the ICJ, resulting in Britain not having a judge on the bench of the court for the first time in its 72-year history.

Many deported Chagossians live in the UK. In July, they held a four-day protest in Trafalgar Square against their continued exile and their descendants’ uncertain immigration status in the UK. A report by the Commons home affairs committee in July warned that there were parallels with the Windrush scandal and that anyone descended from a person born on the Chagos Islands should be able “to register as a British overseas territories citizen and thereby have a right to remain in the UK”.

The UK’s attorney general would normally be expected to appear in such cases but because Geoffrey Cox QC MP has previously acted as standing counsel to the government of Mauritius, he has stepped aside and the solicitor general, Robert Buckland QC MP, will represent the government.

A Foreign Office spokeswoman said: “We are disappointed that Mauritius have taken this bilateral dispute to the international court of justice … This is an inappropriate use of the ICJ advisory opinion mechanism and sets a dangerous precedent for other bilateral disputes. We will robustly defend our position.

“While we do not recognise the Republic of Mauritius’s claim to sovereignty of the archipelago, we have repeatedly undertaken to cede it to Mauritius when no longer required for defence purposes, and we maintain that commitment.”

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UK factory growth stumbles amid trade wars and Brexit uncertainty – business live

All the day’s economic and financial news, including new healthchecks on the world’s factories

9.49am BST

Duncan Brock, Group Director at the Chartered Institute of Procurement & Supply, is also alarmed by the slowdown across UK factories.

“Fears for a stalling manufacturing sector took a step closer to becoming a reality this month with the most disappointing performance for two years. “The lifeline of strong export orders enjoyed since May 2016 dried up, as the attraction of a weaker pound was not enough to sustain the momentum…..

With a subdued global economy threatened by escalating trade wars and Brexit uncertainty making its mark, it’s unclear where future opportunities to sustain the health of the sector will come from.

9.41am BST

NEWSFLASH: Britain’s factory growth has hit a two-year low amid Brexit uncertainty and the US-China trade war.

The UK Manufacturing PMI has fallen to just 52.8 in August, down from 53.8 in July.

“Although slower growth of domestic demand contributed to manufacturing’s weak performance, the main constraint was the trend in new export business. Foreign demand declined for the first time since April 2016, despite the weakness of sterling, amid reports of slower global economic growth and the increasingly uncertain trading environment. Inflows of new work from both domestic and overseas sources will need to strengthen if manufacturing is to show renewed vigour in the coming months.

“Looking ahead, manufacturers’ optimism about the outlook for the year ahead has been receding in recent months and is now at a 22-month low. While a hoped-for improvement in new export order growth and new product launches are forecast to stimulate future expansion, manufacturers are also expressing rising concerns about the uncertain backdrop of Brexit.”

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